ABS (Anti-lock Brakes) – Computer, sensor, breaks monitoring wheel speed. Helps the driver retain control over the vehicle while breaking in hazardous conditions.

Air Ride Suspension – A suspension that supports the load with rubber bags rather than steel springs.

Anchor It – Hitting the breaks for an emergency stop.

Balloon Freight – Cargo that takes up a lot of space but does not weight very much.

Bill of Lading – The itemized list of goods in a shipment.

Blind Spot – Areas around the commercial vehicle that are not visible to the driver.

Bobtail – A tractor operating without a trailer. Also can refer to a straight truck.

Broker – A company that arranges the transportation of cargo for others. The broker does not assume responsibility for the cargo or take possession.

Bulk Freight – Cargo that is not in containers. They are normally transported in tankers, grain trailers, and van trailers.

Cabover – An abbreviation for “cab over engine” where the cab sits over the engine of the chassis.

CAT – The scales used at truck stops to read the weight of the load.

Cargo Weight – The total weight of the loads on a vehicle.

Cartage Company – A company that provides local pick-up and delivery.

CDL (Commercial Driver’s License) – A special license authorizing an individual the opportunity to operate a commercial vehicle or bus weighing more than 26,000.

Check Call – Using the Qualcomm or telephone to check in with your dispatcher. Usually takes place in the morning.

Clearance Lights – The lights located on the front and back of the trailers. Sometimes called marker lights.

Container – A Long rectangular box used to transport goods.

Converter Dolly – An auxiliary axle assembly that has a fifth wheel towed by a semi trailer that is supporting the front of another semitrailer.

Day Cab – A tractor with no sleeper compartment.

Deadhead – Driving a trailer without cargo.

Double (also known as Twins, Twin Trailers) – A tractor and two semi trailers connected by a converter dolly.

Drop Pay – Extra pay for a delivery or extra stop.

Dry Freight – Freight that doesn’t require refrigeration.

Empty Call – Informing your dispatcher that you have no load/empty and ready for new assignment.

EOBR (Electric On-Board Recorder) – A device mounted on the cab that records speed, engine rpm, idle time and other information.

Exempt Carrier – A company that is exempt from Interstate Commerce Commission economic regulation.

Fingerprinting – When the driver unloads the cargo by himself.

For-Hire Carrier – A company that transports third-party freight/cargo.

Freight – The cargo and items you are hauling.

Hazmat – Hazardous materials on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. These materials are strictly regulated in the U.S. by the Department of Transportation.

Hours-of-Service – Governed hours of service for commercial vehicles overseen by the U.S. Department of Transportation.

Intermodal Transportation – The transportation of goods through more than one method (ex: rail/motor, motor/air)

JIT (Just-in-Time) – A manufacturing system that utilizes frequent and smaller deliveries to keep inventory low.

LCV (Long Combination Vehicle) – A vehicle that is longer than the standard double-rig.

Logbook – The book truckers use to keep up with their hours and status.

Line-haul Driver – Also known as a regional driver, these truckers travel a set route and can go home afterward.

Local Driver – Tuckers who deliver packages. They typically run the same route every day.

LTL (Less-than-Truckload) – A freight that is less than 10,000 pounds and doesn’t fill up the entire container.

LTL Carrier – Companies who consolidates LTL over multiple destinations.

Moto Carrier – A company that provides truck transportation.

Owner-Operator – When you own and operate your own truck.

Over-the-Road Driver – A driver who travels across the country and sleeps in the cab.

P&D – Pickup and delivery.

Payload – The entire weight of the cargo.

Peddle Run – A run with frequent stops.

Private Carrier – A company or business that transports goods using their own trucks.

Professional Truck Driver – The name for drivers that include line-haul, local, and over-the-road.

Reefer – A trailer with refrigeration used to transport food.

Semi Trailer – Truck trailer support in the rear by wheels and a fifth mounted to a tractor/dolly.

Sleeper – The area at the back of the cab built for sleeping.

Straight Truck – A truck that carries cargo that is mounted to the chassis rather than towed by the trailer.

TL (Truckload) – The amount of freight needed to fill a trailer. Will be greater than 10,000 pounds.

TL Carrier – When a company utilizes an entire trailer to move a shipper’s cargo.

Tractor – A truck that pulls a semi trailer by the use of the fifth wheel mounted over the drive/axles.

Tractor Trailer – A combination of a tractor and semitrailer.

Tri-Axle – When three axles are grouped together at the rear of a truck or trailer.

Trip Leasing – When a company leases its vehicle to another provider for a single trip.

WIM (Weigh-in-Motion) – The system that allows a vehicle to be weighed while still in motion on the interstate.

Weigh Station – a roadside station where commercial vehicles are required to stop for inspection.

Interested in becoming a truck driver? Get in touch with us below.

Beacon Transportation is seeking qualified applicants for logistics jobs in Nashville, TN. We have immediate job openings for truck drivers, customer service and dispatch workers who are dedicated to achieving a high level of customer satisfaction.